Harvest Moon - brown hays under blue sky during daytime
Image by Daniel Lloyd Blunk-Fernández on Unsplash.com

Celebrating the Harvest Moon with Tsukimi Traditions

The Harvest Moon, also known as the Full Moon in autumn, holds a special place in the hearts of many cultures around the world. In Japan, this celestial event is celebrated with the rich and vibrant tradition of Tsukimi, which means “moon viewing”. Tsukimi is a time for people to come together and appreciate the beauty of the moon, while also giving thanks for the bountiful harvest. Let’s explore the fascinating Tsukimi traditions and how they are observed in Japan.

Decorating with Pampas Grass

One of the most iconic aspects of Tsukimi is the use of pampas grass in decorations. Pampas grass, with its tall, feathery plumes, is believed to attract the moon’s spirit and bring good luck. During Tsukimi, it is common to see pampas grass adorning homes, gardens, and even public spaces. The sight of the golden grass swaying in the moonlight creates a magical atmosphere that enhances the moon viewing experience.

Moon-Viewing Parties

Tsukimi is often celebrated with moon-viewing parties, where friends and family gather to enjoy the beauty of the Harvest Moon together. These parties are typically held outdoors, in gardens, parks, or even on rooftops with an unobstructed view of the moon. Participants bring food and drinks to share, creating a festive atmosphere under the moonlit sky. Traditional Tsukimi foods include rice dumplings called Tsukimi dango, chestnuts, and seasonal fruits.

Making Tsukimi Dango

Tsukimi dango, or moon-viewing dumplings, are a must-have treat during Tsukimi. These small round rice dumplings are traditionally made with sticky rice flour and served on bamboo skewers. The dumplings are usually arranged in a pyramid shape, symbolizing the moon, and are enjoyed while admiring the moon’s beauty. Tsukimi dango have a slightly sweet flavor and a soft, chewy texture, making them a delightful accompaniment to the moon-viewing experience.

Admiring the Moon’s Reflection

Another important Tsukimi tradition is the practice of admiring the moon’s reflection in water. Many people visit lakes, ponds, or even small containers of water specifically set up for this purpose. The stillness of the water creates a mirror-like surface that reflects the moon’s image, magnifying its beauty. This act of contemplation and reflection is believed to bring peace and tranquility to the observer.

Writing Haiku Poems

Tsukimi is also a time for creativity and self-expression. Many people write haiku poems inspired by the moon and the beauty of nature during this season. Haiku is a traditional form of Japanese poetry consisting of three lines with a 5-7-5 syllable structure. These poems often capture the fleeting moments of beauty and evoke a sense of tranquility. Writing and sharing haiku poems during Tsukimi adds a deeper level of appreciation for the moon and its significance in nature.


Tsukimi is a beautiful and meaningful tradition that allows people to connect with nature, appreciate the changing seasons, and celebrate the abundance of the harvest. Whether it’s the vibrant decorations of pampas grass, the gatherings of moon-viewing parties, the delicious Tsukimi dango, or the contemplation of the moon’s reflection, Tsukimi offers a unique and enchanting experience. By participating in these traditions, we can find a moment of stillness and gratitude in our busy lives, reminding ourselves of the beauty that surrounds us and the importance of coming together in celebration.