Setsubun is a traditional Japanese festival that marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring. One of the most exciting and unique customs associated with Setsubun is the practice of Mame-maki, or the throwing of soybeans to ward off evil spirits. This festive event is accompanied by the presence of Oni, or demons, who play a central role in the celebrations. In this article, we will explore the origins and significance of Setsubun, as well as the fun and lively traditions of Mame-maki and Oni.
The Origins of Setsubun
Setsubun, which means “seasonal division” in Japanese, is celebrated on the day before the beginning of spring according to the lunar calendar. It is believed that during this time, evil spirits and misfortune accumulate and need to be driven away to ensure a prosperous year ahead. Setsubun is rooted in ancient Chinese traditions and was introduced to Japan over a thousand years ago. Today, it is widely celebrated across the country, with each region adding its own unique customs and festivities.
Mame-maki: Throwing Away Misfortune
Mame-maki is the highlight of Setsubun celebrations. It involves throwing roasted soybeans both inside and outside the house while shouting “Oni wa soto, fuku wa uchi,” which means “Demons out, fortune in.” The purpose of this ritual is to drive away evil spirits and invite good luck into the household. Family members take turns throwing the soybeans, often aiming at a family member dressed as an Oni. Children particularly enjoy this activity and eagerly participate in the bean-throwing frenzy.
Oni: The Symbol of Misfortune
Oni, often depicted as horned and devilish creatures, play a significant role in Setsubun. They are believed to bring misfortune and havoc. However, during Setsubun, the Oni take a more playful and lighthearted role. They wear colorful masks and costumes, delighting both children and adults alike. The presence of Oni adds a festive and exciting atmosphere to the celebrations, making Setsubun truly unique.
Traditional Food and Other Customs
Setsubun is also associated with specific food and customs. One popular food during this festival is Ehomaki, a type of sushi roll. It is customary to eat the entire roll in silence, facing the “lucky” direction of the year as determined by the Chinese zodiac. This tradition is believed to bring good fortune and health for the coming year. Another custom is to place holly leaves and sushi rolls at the entrance of the house to keep evil spirits at bay.
Conclusion: A Festive Tradition
Setsubun with its Mame-maki and Oni has become an integral part of Japanese culture. It is a time for families to come together and celebrate the changing seasons while warding off misfortune and inviting good luck. The lively and interactive nature of the festival makes it a favorite among both locals and tourists. So, if you find yourself in Japan during Setsubun, don’t miss the chance to join in the fun and experience the joyous atmosphere of this unique celebration.